This website Brains Are Fun has some very good insights about the fundamental principles accompanying being a Master Teacher. This website created by Rory Donaldson has good advise clarifying some important principles like: Start on Time,
Keep Focus and Get to the Objectives. http://www.brainsarefun.com/master.html
The following list is also included in Rory Donaldson's paper:
"Master Teachers share many common elements. With these elements in place, any lesson can be turned into an effective lesson, all teachers can become masters of their trade:
- Teacher behavior is recognized and accepted as the critical variable to student success.
- Master Teachers have stopped confusing teaching with learning.
- Placement tests assign students to appropriate skill groups.
- Behavior is established before academic instruction.
- Rules for behavior are taught and drilled to mastery.
- The curriculum is recognized as a critical variable in effective instruction and is continually evaluated against results.
- Skills and information to be learned are broken down into their component parts and the component parts are drilled to mastery.
- The teacher accepts responsibility for student learning.
- Lessons follow a prescribed format and are explicit about what is to be learned.
- Reading mastery is recognized as the core academic competency.
- Teachers and students are required to perform quickly and accurately.
- Errors are corrected immediately.
- Good behavior is regularly rewarded (rarely with candy.)
- Low-performing students are never ignored, and are never tricked by questions to which they haven't first been taught the answers.
- Phonics and sound blending skills are the basis for reading.
- Computation is the foundation of mathematics.
- Carefully rehearsed scripts keep teachers and students on task.
- All students are regularly tested to insure mastery of the material.
- The class does not move on until proficiency or mastery is achieved by at least 70% of the class. Appropriate interventions are developed for the remaining 30%
- Mastery is evaluated by specific, regular testing.
- Quick and easily managed interventions are readily available.
- There is a principal who has the time and resources to devote to being the academic leader of the school.
- Teachers receive ongoing training, in and out of their classrooms, and regular evaluations.
- Classes are not allowed to be disrupted by students who choose to sharpen pencils or engage in other "off task" behavior."